SKIN lounge Aesthetics

Key skincare words explained!

Have you ever felt totally overwhelmed by the amount of words buzzing around skincare? I think we’ve all been confused into buying something from an over the top sales person who baffles you with scientific and unnecessary technical terms.

We don’t want our clients to feel like this at SKIN lounge so here is a helping hand to explaining some of those keywords you’ve heard floating about.

Skin conditions

Acne: A skin condition that consists of comedones, papules, pustules and cysts. Acne is commonly developed on areas the body that contain a lot of oil and usually starts during puberty but can affect many adults.

Rosacea: A skin condition characterised by facial flushing, redness and small bumps or pimple like lesions. Rosacea is commonly seen in fair skinned people across the cheeks, nose, forehead and chin.

Hyperpigmentation: Hyperpigmentation occurs when excess melanin causes a darkened appearance in patches across the skin resulting in an uneven skin tone.

Sensitive: A condition that makes our skin red, sore, irritated and often quite dry. This is most commonly seen across the cheeks but can affect other areas. Harsh chemical use, weather/ environmental conditions, strong treatments or just naturally inclined can be some of the reasons our skin becomes sensitive.

Professional treatments

Cosmeceutical Peel: This is a treatment which uses a combination of acids to lift the dead layer of skin from the surface resulting in a professional level of exfoliation. The ‘peeling’ phase of a low strength peel is more like skin peeling after a tan.

Laser: A Laser treatment uses a machine which puts energy in the form of light into the deeper layers of the skin. These can vary massively in degree of strength and how ablative they are to the skin.


Products and ingredients

AHA: AHA’s are otherwise known as Alpha Hydroxy Acids. These exfoliate dead skin cells and increase cell turnover by loosening the bonds between skin cells.

BHA: Beta Hydroxy Acid is derived from Aspirin and is an oil soluble exfoliant with anti-inflammatory properties.

Hyaluronic Acid: A complex molecule occurring naturally in the body. Hyaluronic Acid hydrates by drawing water into the outer layers from deep within the skin and can hold up to 1000 times its own weight in water.

Low Molecular Weight Hyaluronic Acid: This ingredient helps to replenish the the lost HA in the Dermis that occurs during ageing. The Low Molecular Weight sits deeper within the Dermis unlike HA which tends to sit on the surface of the skin due to its larger Molecular size which cannot penetrate through the layers.

Lactic Acid: Naturally found in the body. Biosynthesised Lactic Acid (made for cosmetic products) exfoliates dead skin cells and enhances renewal to strengthen the skin.

Matrixyl Synthe’ 6: Derived from a peptide naturally found in Collagen, Matrixyl Synthe’ 6 strengthens skin and improves elasticity reducing signs of ageing.

Peptides: Peptides are a chain of amino acids that occur naturally in the body. Man-made peptides can have different functions within the skin such as anti-redness and anti-ageing.

Retinol: Retinol is a derivative of Vitamin A and an antioxidant that increases cell turnover and strengthens the skin, improving tone and texture. Retinol can also diminish the appearance of lines, wrinkles and hyperpigmentation.

Salicylic Acid: A BHA exfoliant with soothing properties. A must have ingredient for anyone with problem skin.

Titanium Dioxide: A naturally occurring mineral coated for sun stability. Titanium Dioxide offers broad spectrum protection from UVA and UVB rays. This is known as a physical sunscreen agent.

Zinc Oxide: A safe micro fine mineral that offers broad spectrum protection from UVA and UVB rays without leaving chalkiness on the skin.


Skincare keywords

Actives: Active ingredients that will change the functioning of the skin in the deeper layers.

Collagen: The protein that keeps our skin firm and youthful. Collagen production depletes from the age of 21 and stops producing altogether after Menopause.

Exfoliate: Shedding the dead skin cells from the surface.

Natural: A product only needs to contain 6% natural ingredients to be classed as a ‘natural’ product. Always double check the ingredients in your natural products as many of them may still contain chemicals.

Sebum: This is oil within the skin, produced in the Sebaceous gland.

UVA Rays: Ultra Violet A-rays cause the tan you see on your skin after you’ve been outside, this is a preventative action from damage and burning. UVA rays cause signs of ageing on the skin.

UVB Rays: Ultra Violet B-rays cause direct damage to DNA, these are also the rays that cause burning to the skins surface.




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